- Consent is when someone agrees, gives permission, or says "yes" to sexual activity with other persons. Consent is always freely given and all people in a sexual situation must feel that they are able to say "yes" or "no" or stop the sexual activity at any point. Consent can be withdrawn by either party at any point. Consent to engage in one sexual activity, or past agreement to engage in a particular sexual activity, cannot be presumed to constitute consent to engage in a different sexual activity or to engage again in a sexual activity. Consent cannot be validly given by a person who is incapacitated.
- Refers to the socially constructed characteristics of women and men – such as norms, roles and relationships of and between groups of women and men. It varies from society to society and can be changed. The concept of gender includes five important elements: relational, hierarchical, historical, contextual and institutional. While most people are born either male or female, they are taught appropriate norms and behaviours – including how they should interact with others of the same or opposite sex within households, communities and work places. When individuals or groups do not “fit” established gender norms they often face stigma, discriminatory practices or social exclusion – all of which adversely affect health.
- Gender Stereotypes
- Images, beliefs, attitudes or assumptions about certain groups of women and men. Stereotypes are usually negative and based on assumed gender norms, roles and relations.
- The process of becoming whole again. Healing is the pathway to restore wellbeing for those who have experienced trauma and suffering. Healing from trauma is found in awareness and actions that address the conditions that created the trauma in the first place. Moreover, healing is experienced collectively and in relationship with others.
- Intersectionality is an analytic sensibility, a way of thinking about identity and its relationship to power. Originally articulated on behalf of Black women, the term brought to light the invisibility of many constituents within groups that claim them as members, but often fail to represent them. Intersectional erasures are not exclusive to Black women. People of color within LGBTQ movements; girls of color in the fight against the school-to-prison pipeline; women within immigration movements; trans women within feminist movements; and people with disabilities fighting police abuse — all face vulnerabilities that reflect the intersections of racism, sexism, class oppression, transphobia, able-ism and more. Intersectionality has given many advocates a way to frame their circumstances and to fight for their visibility and inclusion.
- Misogynoir combines "misogyny" and "noir" to describe the anti-Black sexism and misogyny that Black women face.
- Sex refers to a set of biological attributes in humans and animals. It is primarily associated with physical and physiological features including chromosomes, gene expression, hormone levels and function, and reproductive/sexual anatomy. Sex is usually categorized as female or male but there is variation in the biological attributes that comprise sex and how those attributes are expressed.
- Sexual Assault
- Sexual assault is any type of sexual activity or contact that you do not consent to. Sexual assault can happen through physical force or threats of force or if the attacker gave the victim drugs or alcohol as part of the assault. Sexual assault includes rape and sexual coercion.
- Sexual Coercion
- Coercion is a tactic used by perpetrators to intimidate, trick or force someone to have sex with him/her without physical force. Coercion is an issue of power and control.
Source | University of Michigan Policy & Procedures on Student Sexual and Gender-Based Misconduct and Other Forms of Interpersonal Violence
Source | WHO
Source | WHO
Source | SOURCE | Shawn Ginwright, The Future of Healing: Shifting From Trauma Informed Care to Healing Centered Engagement
Source | Kimberle Crenshaw (Washington Post, 2015)
Source | Created by Moya Bailey and @thetrudz
Source | Canadian Institute of Health Research
Source | Womenshealth.gov
Source | University of Michigan (Striving for Justice report)